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Antonin Dvorák:
Other Musical Nationalism


Antonin Dvorak and his fellow Czech composers were among the first music nationalists. Here's a look at many others, including composers from America.

Music heard in this episode:
Gottschalk: Columbia
Copland: Hoedown from Rodeo
Glinka: Kamarinskaya
Rimsky - Korsakov: Russian Easter Overture
Grieg: Symphonic Dance #3
Bartok: Hungarian Sketches
Weber: Der Freischütz - Chorus
Sibelius: Karelia
Falla: El Amor Brujo
Ginastera: Estancia - Malambo
Dvorak: Slavonic Dance Op. 46, #7

Other shows about Antonin Dvorák:

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About Antonin Dvorák
9/8/1841 - 5/1/1904
Born in Czech Republic

Antonin Dvorak was born in a village just north of Prague. He was the oldest of nine children. His father was a butcher who wanted Antonin to become a butcher, too. But, when he saw how musical Antonin was, he made sure he got a good music education, including violin and organ lessons.

Dvorak got a job as a church organist, but what he really wanted to do was compose. So he entered his compositions in a government-sponsored contest and won! The prize money allowed Dvorak to quit his church job, and made him well known as a composer.

In spite of the fact that he never took composition lessons, Dvorak taught composition at the Prague Conservatory. And he also taught in New York City for a couple of years. The last of Dvorak's nine symphonies was written in the United States, and is nicknamed for the fact that it hails "From the New World."

See other composers born in Czech Republic

 

This Week's Quiz:

1. Which American composer borrowed folk tunes to put into his compositions?

Aaron Copland

Leonard Bernstein

Amy Beach

John Philip Sousa


2.Who was the first Norwegian nationalist composer?

Jean Sibelius

Arvo Part

Edvard Grieg

Bedrich Smetana


3. Which composer borrowed hymns from the Russian Orthodox Church?

Tchaikovsky

Rachmaninoff

Rimsky-Korsakov

Kabalevsky



 

Antonin Dvorák
Slavonic Dance No. 7


Composed in 1878
Performed by Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra
Zdenek Kosler, conductor

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