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Franz Joseph Haydn:
Patriotic Songs By Classical Composers

Many countries around the world have national anthems and other patriotic songs that were written by classical composers. Haydn, Elgar and Verdi are just a few you'll explore here.

Music heard in this episode:
Beethoven: God Save the King Variations
Haydn: Emperoro Quartet
Arne: Rule Britannia
Holst: I Vow to Thee, My Country
Elgar: Land of Hope and Glory
Verdi: Va Pensiero from Nabucco
Sibelius: Finlandia Hymn
Sousa: Stars and Stripes Forever

Other shows about Franz Joseph Haydn:
About Franz Joseph Haydn
Father of the Symphony
The Farewell Symphony

Download this month's activity sheet

About Franz Joseph Haydn
3/31/1732 - 5/31/1809
Born in Austria

Franz Joseph Haydn was the most famous composer of his time. He helped develop new musical forms, like the string quartet and the symphony. In fact, even though he didn't invent it, Haydn is known as the "Father of the Symphony."

Haydn was born in the tiny Austrian town of Rohrau, where his father made huge wooden carts and wagonwheels. His mother was a cook. When he was 8, Joseph (he didn't go by Franz) went to Vienna to sing in the choir at St. Stephen's Cathedral, and to attend the choir school. His younger brother Michael joined him a short time later. Joseph could never resist a playing a joke, which got him in trouble at school. Since Michael Haydn was much better behaved than his brother, everyone thought he would be the more successful musician. Wrong!

At first, Haydn struggled to earn a living as a composer. Then, he got a job with a rich, powerful family named Esterhazy. It was Haydn's job to write music for the Esterhazy princes, and to conduct their orchestra. Haydn composed symphonies, operas, string quartets, and all kinds of other music for performance at the Esterhazy court.

Haydn was also a good businessman. Music publishing made him and his music famous all over Europe. After he retired from working for the Esterhazy family, Haydn made two very successful trips to England, where audiences at concerts of his music treated him like a superstar.

See other composers born in Austria


This Week's Quiz:

1. America - My Country Tis of Thee - borrowed its tune from what country?






2.In Italy, what art form is as popular as sports?




Musical Theater


3. Who wrote The Stars and Stripes Forever?

Ludwig van Beethoven

Aaron Copeland

Johannes Brahms

Franz Joseph Haydn

John Phillip Sousa


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