Instruments

Instrument Families

See how the instruments are categorized.



Finger cymbals
Tiny cymbals that are played by putting one on the thumb and the other on the index or middle finger.




Glockenspiel
A percussion instrument with a set of steel bars arranged like the keyboard of a piano. It is played either with two hammers, or with a piano keyboard.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Maracas
A pair of rattles made from hollowed out gourds, containing seeds or dried beans. Maracas are widely used in Latin America.




Metallophone
A percussion instrument with a series of metal bars of varying pitch suspended over a resonance box. The instrument is struck with a hammer or mallet.




Recorder
A woodwind instrument consisting of a wooden tube, at the top of which is a whistle-like mouthpiece. The recoder has a softer tone than the flute, and it is held vertically, not horizontally.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Sandblocks
Wooden blocks covered with sandpaper that are rubbed together to make a brushing sound.




Shaker
A percussion instrument made of a container filled with beads or seeds which make a rattle sound when shaken.




Tambourine
A percussion instrument consisting of a small wooden hoop with metal disc inserts called jingles. The hoop is covered on one side with a drumhead. It is played by shaking or striking the drumhead with the hand.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Triangle
A percussion instrument made of a metal bar bent into the shape of a triangle with one corner open. It is held by a string and struck with a metal rod.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Woodblock
A percussion instrument that consists of a hollow block of wood, struck with a stick or mallet.




Xylophone
A percussion instrument consisting of a set of tuned wooden bars arranged like a piano keyboard, with a hollow tube under each bar. Each bar gives off a different pitch when struck with a mallet.

Pronunciation:

Example:


Instruments

Instrument Families

See how the instruments are categorized.



Finger cymbals
Tiny cymbals that are played by putting one on the thumb and the other on the index or middle finger.




Glockenspiel
A percussion instrument with a set of steel bars arranged like the keyboard of a piano. It is played either with two hammers, or with a piano keyboard.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Maracas
A pair of rattles made from hollowed out gourds, containing seeds or dried beans. Maracas are widely used in Latin America.




Metallophone
A percussion instrument with a series of metal bars of varying pitch suspended over a resonance box. The instrument is struck with a hammer or mallet.




Recorder
A woodwind instrument consisting of a wooden tube, at the top of which is a whistle-like mouthpiece. The recoder has a softer tone than the flute, and it is held vertically, not horizontally.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Sandblocks
Wooden blocks covered with sandpaper that are rubbed together to make a brushing sound.




Shaker
A percussion instrument made of a container filled with beads or seeds which make a rattle sound when shaken.




Tambourine
A percussion instrument consisting of a small wooden hoop with metal disc inserts called jingles. The hoop is covered on one side with a drumhead. It is played by shaking or striking the drumhead with the hand.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Triangle
A percussion instrument made of a metal bar bent into the shape of a triangle with one corner open. It is held by a string and struck with a metal rod.

Pronunciation:

Example:




Woodblock
A percussion instrument that consists of a hollow block of wood, struck with a stick or mallet.




Xylophone
A percussion instrument consisting of a set of tuned wooden bars arranged like a piano keyboard, with a hollow tube under each bar. Each bar gives off a different pitch when struck with a mallet.

Pronunciation:

Example:


 

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